The Complete Process to Get a Canada Permanent Resident Permit

Are you dreaming of making Canada your permanent home? Obtaining a Canada Permanent Resident Permit is a significant milestone on your journey towards that goal. In this comprehensive guide, we will walk you through the entire process, from understanding the requirements to the final approval and landing in Canada.



Moving to a new country and starting a new life can be both exciting and challenging. Canada is known for its welcoming nature and diverse opportunities, making it a preferred destination for individuals seeking permanent residency. With a Canada Permanent Resident Permit, you gain the right to live, work, and study anywhere in the country.

Understanding Canada Permanent Resident Permit


Before diving into the application process, it’s essential to understand what a Canada Permanent Resident Permit entails. It is an immigration status granted to foreign nationals who are not Canadian citizens but have been authorized to live and work in Canada permanently. With this permit, you can enjoy most of the rights and benefits similar to Canadian citizens, excluding voting rights and holding public office.

Eligibility Criteria for Canada Permanent Resident Permit

To be eligible for a Canada Permanent Resident Permit, you need to meet certain criteria. The eligibility requirements may vary depending on the immigration program you choose. Let’s explore some of the main pathways to obtaining a Canada Permanent Resident Permit:

Express Entry System

The Express Entry System is a popular immigration pathway for skilled workers. It consists of three main federal programs: the Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP), the Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP), and the Canadian Experience Class (CEC). To qualify under the Express Entry System, you need to meet specific criteria, including age, language proficiency, education, work experience, and adaptability factors.

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs)

Provincial Nominee Programs (PNPs) are immigration programs tailored to the specific needs of each Canadian province or territory. These programs allow provinces to nominate candidates who meet their labor market requirements and contribute to their economic growth. Each province has its own set of eligibility criteria, which may include factors such as education, work experience, language proficiency, and connections to the province.

Family Sponsorship

If you have a close family member who is a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident, they may be able to sponsor you for permanent residency. Under the Family Sponsorship program, eligible sponsors can help their spouse, common-law partner, dependent child, parent, or grandparent become a permanent resident of Canada.

Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

The Canadian Experience Class (CEC) is designed for individuals who have gained skilled work experience in Canada. To be eligible, you must have at least one year of full-time (or equivalent part-time) skilled work experience in Canada within the last three years. This pathway is suitable for international students or temporary foreign workers who wish to transition to permanent residency.

Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)

Quebec, as a province, has its own immigration selection process called the Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP). If you plan to reside in Quebec, you must go through this program. The QSWP assesses applicants based on factors such as education, work experience, language proficiency (French and English), age, and adaptability.

Documents and Application Process

Once you determine your eligibility and choose the appropriate immigration program, it’s time to gather the necessary documents and start the application process. The documents you typically need include:

  1. Passport or travel document
  2. Educational credentials assessment
  3. Language proficiency test results
  4. Proof of work experience
  5. Police clearance certificates
  6. Medical examination results

Each immigration program may have additional document requirements, so it’s crucial to refer to the official guidelines provided by Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC). The application process involves creating an online account, filling out the forms accurately, uploading the required documents, and paying the application fees.

Biometrics and Medical Examination

As part of the application process, you may need to provide biometric information, including fingerprints and a photograph. Biometrics are used for identity verification and security purposes. Additionally, a medical examination is typically required to ensure you meet the health requirements for immigrating to Canada.

Waiting Period and Background Checks

After submitting your application, you will enter a waiting period while the immigration authorities review your case. During this time, they will conduct background checks, including criminal record checks and security screenings. The duration of the waiting period may vary depending on the program and the volume of applications received.

Approval and Landing in Canada

If your application is approved, you will receive a Confirmation of Permanent Residence (COPR) document and a permanent resident visa (if applicable). You will be required to land in Canada within a specified timeframe. Once you arrive in Canada, you will go through a customs and immigration process, where your COPR will be validated, and you will officially become a permanent resident of Canada.

Benefits of Canada Permanent Resident Permit

Obtaining a Canada Permanent Resident Permit comes with several benefits. As a permanent resident, you have the right to:

  • Live, work, or study anywhere in Canada
  • Access healthcare and social benefits
  • Apply for Canadian citizenship after meeting the residency requirements
  • Sponsor eligible family members for permanent residency
  • Enjoy legal protection under Canadian law


Congratulations! You have now familiarized yourself with the complete process of obtaining a Canada Permanent Resident Permit. Remember, the road to permanent residency may have its challenges, but with proper guidance and preparation, you can make your dream of living in Canada a reality.

Frequently asked questions by readers

1. How long does it take to get a Canada Permanent Resident Permit? The processing time varies depending on the immigration program and the volume of applications. On average, it can take several months to a year to complete the process.

2. Can I work in Canada while waiting for my Permanent Resident Permit? If you have a valid work permit, you can continue working in Canada while your permanent residency application is being processed.

3. Can I include my family members in my permanent residency application? Yes, you can include eligible family members in your application, depending on the specific immigration program you choose.

4. What is the difference between a Canada Permanent Resident Permit and Canadian citizenship? A Canada Permanent Resident Permit grants you the right to live and work in Canada permanently, whereas Canadian citizenship provides additional benefits such as the right to vote and hold public office.

5. Are there any age restrictions for obtaining a Canada Permanent Resident Permit? There are no specific age restrictions for most immigration programs. However, certain programs may have age-related criteria, such as the Express Entry System.

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